25zero has identified a number of climate change projects it wants to support in the countries the 25zero mountains are found in. The projects selected all have climate change, biodiversity and socioeconomic benefits for the local communities.
As much as 35% of Tanzania is still covered in native forest (which is high for East Africa) but it is under huge threat from deforestation. Carbon Tanzania works with indigenous communities to help preserve their forests, protecting the rich biodiversity within them whilst the trees remove CO2 from the atmosphere. These protected forests generate certified carbon offsets that are then sold to earn income for the local community. Carbon Tanzania protect biodiversity and combat climate change all whilst helping some of Africa’s poorest communities.
Kilimanjaro’s glaciers are disappearing rapidly. This is due to warmer, drier conditions resulting in the glaciers literally drying out or ‘sublimating’ (solid ice evaporating straight to gas). Much of this problem is caused by global climate change, but this is being made far worse by mass deforestation in the Kilimanjaro region for firewood, charcoal making, and agriculture. This deforestation is resulting in less moisture being available for Kilimanjaro’s glaciers as well as making less water available for local people. The Kilimanjaro Project are helping counter these effects by planting millions of trees that will help retain water in the local environment.
The Rwenzori Mountains are a UNESCO World Heritage Site and National Park in Uganda. They are a global biodiversity hotspot whose forests contain species such as leopards, monkeys and chimpanzees, as well as an amazing array of bird life. Water from the Rwenzori also support some 2 million local people and are a major water source for the Nile. This WWF project helps counter the effects of climate change and deforestation in the Rwenzori that are causing extreme weather events, an increase in soil erosion and species loss.
MSS designs and installs clean-burning and efficient wood-burning chimney stoves and solar panels in the homes of Maasai people in East Africa. The stoves are 60% more efficient than traditional stoves. This prevents the deadly issue of smoke inhalation, greatly reduces the time women spend wood gathering, all whilst preserving local forests and reducing carbon emissions by 3.5 tonnes a year per stove. The Maasai Women’s Installation Team install the stoves and solar systems stimulating the local economy whilst helping improve their status in the community.
Bolívar Ernesto Cáceres Correa runs the Instituto Nacional de Meterología e Hidrología in Ecuador (INAHMI). He is involved in important work related to climate change impacts in Ecuador, in particular the retreat of Ecuador’s glaciers. Ecuador is vulnerable to climate change due to its steep, rugged landscape that makes it prone to flooding and the fact many of Ecuador’s towns and cities rely on the presence of glaciers for their water supply. INAHMI’s work is extremely important in raising awareness of the scale of the problem.
The Masarang Foundation was founded in 2001 by Dr. Willie Smits. It is focused on finding solutions for the most urgent global problems of our time: deforestation, biodiversity loss, climate change, poverty and underdevelopment and does this by working with local people to empower them to make the changes needed. Although Masarang is based in Indonesia its activities have a global part to play given the scale of deforestation and loss of biodiversity in Indonesia and its impacts on the entire planet.